Blueberries are one of the very few fruits that are native to America. The fruit borne by the blueberry plant has a diameter of about 5-16 millimeters. A crown is seen at the end of the fruit. At first, the fruit is pale green, after which it becomes a reddish purple. When it is fully ripe, it becomes indigo colored. The taste of the fruit is sweet, with varying levels of acidity.
Blueberries are sold in the market either fresh or in a frozen fruit form. Other food items that are produced using blueberries are purees, juices, jellies, jams, cereals, muffins, and snack items.
History of Blueberries
Although it is found in some parts of Europe and Asia, it is from the Native Americans that the Europeans learnt about blueberry cultivation. Blueberries were quite useful during the American Civil War when it served as a staple food for the soldiers. Even to this day, North America remains the largest producer of blue berries.
The cultivation of blueberries in the USA starts in the month of May and ends by September. However, there are places like Chile, where the harvest season begins during the month of November and continues until the month of March.
Health Benefits of Blueberries
• Blueberries are loaded with vitamins, minerals, and anthocyanin.
• They help in removing toxins and supply all the essential nutrients to the body.
• The fruit improves urinary tract health.
• Blueberries prevent aging by neutralizing the free radicals in the body.
• They provide a boost to the immune system.
• They help in effective weight loss.