Kale or borecole, as it is widely known, belongs to the cabbage family. It is purple or green in color and consists of central leaves that are not a part of the head. It is closely associated with the wild cabbage variety rather than the domestic varieties.
You can differentiate between different varieties of Kale based on the varying length of the stem and types of leaves. It is available in different leaf colors, including pale green, green, violet green, dark green, and a shade of violet brown.
History of Kale
Its history dates back to the Middle Ages. During those times, it was one of the most widely found green vegetables throughout Europe.
Cabbage varieties with both curly leaves and flat leaves were common in Greece from 4th century B.C. Curly leafed cabbage, which was referred to as ‘Sabellian kale’ by the Romans, is believed to be the ancestor of the modern day kales. In the 19th century, Russian kale was introduced to the United Nations and Canada.
Health Benefits of Kale
• Similar to any other super food, kale is loaded with vitamin A, B complex, and C. It is also a powerful antioxidant.
• One portion of kale is equal to just about 36 calories and can fulfill your Vitamin A needs for the entire day. It is also rich in beta carotene and enhances vision.
• It is a rich source of minerals like copper, calcium, iron, and manganese.
• It is rich in dietary fiber and contributes to effective weight loss.
• Kale is anti-inflammatory and prevents skin diseases.